Category Archives: Medical Dictionaries
NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms, by the National Cancer Institute, is one of the most comprehensive medical dictionaries found on the Web. It is also partially used in diverse glossaries on US Government sites with a smaller focus.
The Cancer Dictionary an excellent source to find explanations of cancer terms, including names of drugs and substances used in treatment and cancer research, but also general terms related to medicine.
While there cannot be enough praise for the dictionary as such , let me also emphasize that Cancer.gov site offers you an enormous amount information, such as a list of all cancer types with definitions and a set of accompanying materials and NCI Drug Dictionary.
Please note – that the dictionaries and large parts of the site are also available in Spanish.
Example Term: Cancer
A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are several main types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord. Also called malignancy.
Glossary / Dictionary Details:
|Title:NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms||Terms: 6000+|
|Link: http://www.cancer.gov/dictionary||Language: English|
|Quote as: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms, by the National Cancer [+link]||Last visited: November 11, 2011|
No. of terms: n.a.
Description: The history of the Merck Manual goes back to 1899, when the American drug manufacturer Merck & Co. first published a small book titled Merck’s Manual of the Materia Medica. The Merck Manual (as it was later known) became a favorite of those involved in medical care and and even Albert Schweitzer carried a copy to Africa in 1913.
By the 1980s, the book had become the world’s largest selling medical text and was translated into more than a dozen languages. In 1997, The Merck Manual of Medical Information–Home Edition was published, in which the complex medical information in The Merck Manual was translated into plain language.
As part of its commitment to ensuring that all who need and want medical information can get it, Merck provides the content of these Merck Manuals on the web for free (visit www.merckmanuals.com). Registration is not required, and use is unlimited. The web publications are continuously updated to ensure that the information is as up-to-date as possible.
[Part of this text is taken from: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/about/front/commitment.html]
Example term: Laparoscopy
Diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used to evaluate intra-abdominal or pelvic pathology (eg, tumor, endometriosis) in patients with acute or chronic abdominal pain and operability in patients with cancer. It is also used for lymphoma staging and liver biopsy. Absolute contraindications include a coagulation or bleeding disorder, poor patient cooperation, peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, and infection of the abdominal wall. Relative contraindications include severe cardiac or pulmonary disease, large abdominal hernias, multiple abdominal operations, and tense ascites.
CBC, coagulation studies, and type and Rh testing are obtained before laparoscopy. X‑rays of the chest, kidneys, ureters, and bladder are also obtained. Laparoscopy is performed with sterile technique in an operating room or a well-equipped endoscopy suite. The patient is given local anesthesia plus IV sedation and analgesia with an opioid and short-acting sedative (eg, midazolam or propofol ).
The procedure involves insertion of a pneumoperitoneum needle into the peritoneal cavity and infusion of nitrous oxide to distend the abdomen. After the opening is enlarged, a peritoneoscope is inserted into the abdomen and the abdominal contents are examined. Surgical instruments for biopsy and other procedures are inserted through separate openings. When the procedure is completed, the nitrous oxide is expelled by the patient with a Valsalva maneuver and the cannula is removed. Complications can include bleeding, bacterial peritonitis, and perforation of a viscus.
Keywords: Merck Manual, Diagnosis, Therapy, Medical Dictionary, Medical Encyclopedia, Merck, Condictions, Health
Status/Quote as: Copyright © 1995-2008 Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA. All rights reserved.
No. of terms: 4000+
Description: Featured on MedlinePlus and several other Health Portals the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia is the best choice for in depth explanation of medical terms. It holds excellent definitions, including causes, symptoms and treatment of a condition, and outstanding images. Certainly of use to professionals and students of medicine, this reference source is also important for the layman, who after a talk with his physician still as open question and wants to be an informed patient.
Example term: the entries are too comprehensive to be included here, but you may want to try – Osteoarthritis.
Keywords: Medical Encyclopedia, Medicine, Medical Dictionary, Medical Terms, Medline, Health, Diseases
Status/Quote as: A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, Copyright 1997-2008, A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Note: The official website of the publisher can be found at A.D.A.M. Inc. :: The First Name in Online Health & Benefits
Very small glossary of basic medical terms (about 40 terms only) that is part of the Wired Curriculum from The United Nations CyberSchoolBus.
Example term: Incubation period
The period of time after exposure to a disease that it takes for the host to display symptoms of that disease.
In PDF format; less than 100 terms.
Last visited: November o2, 2011
UNESCAP (United Nation Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Transport and Tourism Division) collaborated with UNDP, UNAIDS and the Singapore Maritime Academy and commonly developed a Computer Based Training Programme on HIV/AIDS.
The above mentioned, illustrated glossary is part of the training materials, found at the official site. It explains medical as well as social terms related to HIV/AIDS.
More Medical Dictionaries and Glossaries on DictionaryNet
Quote as: Glossary of common HIV AIDS terms. Copyright © 1998 – 2011 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, ESCAP. All Rights Reserved [+link]