Category Archives: Golden Favourite

Brewing Glossary

Foampage Brewing Glossary


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Golden Favourite

No. of terms: 350

Language: English

Description: Excellent glossary for everyone interested in beer brewing. Good and wide selection of terms, clear definitions. Must visit!

Example term: barley
A cereal of the genus Hordeum, a member of the Gramineae or grass family of plants that also includes wheat, rye, oats, maize, rice, millet and sorghum. There are two varieties (2-row, 6-row) classified according to the number of rows of seeds on each of the heads of the plant. When malted, barley is the cereal grain preferred for brewing because the seed is covered by a husk that protects the germ during malting and helps to filter the wort during lautering by forming a filter bed. The essential qualities for brewing barley are high starch content, sufficient diastatic power to transform the starch into sugar, and low protein content.

More Alcohol and Spirits Dictionaries & Glossaries on DictionaryNet
More Beer Dictionaries & Glossaries on DictionaryNet

Keywords: Beer Glossary, Beer Dictionary, Beer Terms, Beer Terminology, Brewing terms, Beer Lexicon

Quote as: Beer Glossary © 1996-2009 – The Foampage

ODLIS — Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science

ODLIS — Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science.  Also available in print as hardcover or paperback from Libraries Unlimited.

Last visited: November 02, 2011

No. of terms: 4,200 terms and cross-references

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Description: ODLIS , written by Joan Reitz, Haas Instruction Librarian, Western Connecticut State University, is a most remarkable reference resource for library and information science and it aims at professionals, university students, and users of all types of libraries. The target of the dictionary is certainly to be as comprehensive as possible:
“Broad in scope, ODLIS includes not only the terminology of the various specializations within library science and information studies but also the vocabulary of publishing, printing, binding, the book trade, graphic arts, book history, literature, bibliography, telecommunications, and computer science when, in the author’s judgment, a definition might prove helpful to librarians and information specialists in their work. Entries are descriptive, with examples provided when appropriate.”

Example term: name index
A list of the personal names appearing of a work, arranged alphabetically by surname, with reference to the page number(s) on which each name can be found in the text. Not all books have a separate name index–personal names may be included in a general index or in the subject index. When present in a single-volume work, the name index is part of the back matter. In a multivolume work, it is usually found at the end of the last volume. Compare with author index.

Keywords: Library science, Information studies, publishing, printing, binding, the book trade, graphic arts, book history, literature, bibliography, dictionary, vocabulary, terminology, ODLIS, ODLIS Dictionary

Quote as: ODLIS — Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. Copyright © 2004-2010 by Joan M. Reitz. All Rights Reserved.

PhotoNotes.org Dictionary of Photography

PhotoNotes.org Dictionary of Film and Digital Photography

Language: English

No. of terms: 1487

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Golden Favourite

Description: The PhotoNotes.org dictionary is the most accurate, useful and comprehensive reference source offering contemporary photographic terms I found on the Net so far. On several occasions the descriptions go beyond mere definitions: they include the theoretical background of the term or summarize historical concepts in photography. Where suitable they give practical examples as a way of explanation. The author NK Guy took care that digital and film photography found equal coverage in his work.
To make it short: A great dictionary for everyone interested in photography from the beginner to the experienced professional.

Example Term: Parallax focussing
Also “reticle focussing.” This is a focussing technique which relies on a ground glass which has a reticle – a small mark, such as crosshairs, etched or engraved onto its surface.
This mark is used as a focussing aid, particularly for macro work. The photographer looks at the mark and moves his or her eye. If the reticle appears stationary then the subject is deemed to be in focus. The technique exploits parallax differences, and really needs a magnifier attachment to be effective.
cf. parallax, reticle.

More Photography Dictionaries & Glossaries on DictionaryNet

Keywords: photography, photographic dictionary, photographic glossary, photo, dictionary, glossary, vocabulary, terminology, digital photography

Quote as: PhotoNotes – Dictionary of Photography. Copyright (c) 2000-2008 NK Guy, PhotoNotes.org

ABT Ballet Dictionary

American Ballet Theatre – Ballet Dictionary

No. of terms: 170


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Golden Favourite

Description: The ABT dictionary is a beautiful work defining the most important ballet terms. If you have the QuickTime Player installed, you will be able also to enjoy demonstrations of the defined terms:
“Welcome to American Ballet Theatre’s Online Ballet Dictionary, a unique interactive resource designed to bring dance to the Web and make it accessible to everyone. Dover Publications has graciously allowed the use of 170 terms from the Technical Manual and Dictionary of Classical Ballet, which are then demonstrated by ABT Company dancers.

Admittedly, this is not a comprehensive list of ballet terms and forms. It cannot replace the learning opportunities of a course of intense study and training. However, it does provide a very accessible introduction to the world of ballet. The producers of this invaluable project are very grateful to the members of ABT’s artistic staff and the dancers union (I.A.A.) who gave freely of their time, particularly David Richardson and Georgina Parkinson. The success of this project would have been impossible without them.”

Example term: Cecchetti, Enrico [en-REE-koh cheh-KET-tee]
This Italian dancer and ballet master (1850-1928 ) was born in Rome, son of Cesare Cecchetti and Serafina Casagli. He studied with Giovanni Lepri, who was a pupil of the great Carlo Blasis, and made his debut at La Scala, Milan, in 1870. He toured Europe as a premier danseur and made his debut at the Maryinski Theatre, St. Petersburg, in 1887. He accepted the position of second ballet master at the Maryinski Theatre in 1890 and two years later became instructor at the Imperial School. His pupils included Pavlova, Nijinsky, Karsavina, Fokine, Preobrajenska, Kchessinska and Egorova. In 1902 he left for Warsaw, where he became director of the Imperial School, and in 1905 returned to Italy. Returning to Russia, he opened a-private school and later became the private tutor of Anna Pavlova, touring the world with her. From 1909 to 1918 he was the official instructor to the Diaghilev Ballet Company. From 1918 until 1923 he had a private school in London. He then returned to Italy and became ballet master at La Scala in 1925. He devoted the rest of his life to teaching and perfecting his teaching methods.

More Ballet Dictionaries & Glossaries on DictionaryNet

Keywords: Ballet, Ballet Dictionary, Ballet Glossary, ABT glossary, American Ballet Theatre, Performing Arts, Dance Glossary, ABT dictionary

Quote as: Ballet Dictionary (Terms and Definitions taken from Technical Manual and Dictionary of Classical Ballet, Dover Publications) © Copyright 2003-2007 Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. American Ballet Theatre and ABT are registered trademarks of Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc.

EPA Terms of Environment

EPA Terms of Environment

No. of terms: 1,900

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Description: The glossary “Terms of Environment” is edited and periodically updated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA leads the nation’s environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. Its mission is to protect human health and the environment.

The “EPA Terms of Environment” Glossary offers definitions in non-technical language of the more commonly used environmental terms appearing in EPA publications. The explanations and definitions do not constitute the Agency’s official use of terms and phrases for regulatory purposes. The terms selected for inclusion are derived from previously published lists, internal glossaries produced by various programs and specific suggestions made by personnel in many Agency offices.

As principal environmental agency of the United States, the EPA is undertaking a challenging task with the decision what term is to be included and what is not. Environmental issues are often very controversial, on the social as well as on the scientific level. Still this EPA publication is to my best knowledge the most comprehensive environmental reference work.

Example term: Remediation
1. Cleanup or other methods used to remove or contain a toxic spill or hazardous materials from a Superfund site; 2. for the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response program, abatement methods including evaluation, repair, enclosure, encapsulation, or removal of greater than 3 linear feet or square feet of asbestos-containing materials from a building.

Keywords: EPA, Terms of Environment, Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Glossary, Environmental Dictionary, Environmental Acronyms, Environmental Abbreviations, Environment Issues, Environment Conservation, Environmental Issues.

Quote as: Public Domain / EPA Terms of Environment by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy

The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy

Languages: English and many others such as Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean and Spanish.

No. of terms: n.a.

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Description: The history of the Merck Manual goes back to 1899, when the American drug manufacturer Merck & Co. first published a small book titled Merck’s Manual of the Materia MedicaThe Merck Manual (as it was later known) became a favorite of those involved in medical care and and even Albert Schweitzer carried a copy to Africa in 1913.

By the 1980s, the book had become the world’s largest selling medical text and was translated into more than a dozen languages. In 1997, The Merck Manual of Medical InformationHome Edition was published, in which the complex medical information in The Merck Manual was translated into plain language.

As part of its commitment to ensuring that all who need and want medical information can get it, Merck provides the content of these Merck Manuals on the web for free (visit www.merckmanuals.com). Registration is not required, and use is unlimited. The web publications are continuously updated to ensure that the information is as up-to-date as possible.

[Part of this text is taken from: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/about/front/commitment.html]

Example term: Laparoscopy
Diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used to evaluate intra-abdominal or pelvic pathology (eg, tumor, endometriosis) in patients with acute or chronic abdominal pain and operability in patients with cancer. It is also used for lymphoma staging and liver biopsy. Absolute contraindications include a coagulation or bleeding disorder, poor patient cooperation, peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, and infection of the abdominal wall. Relative contraindications include severe cardiac or pulmonary disease, large abdominal hernias, multiple abdominal operations, and tense ascites.

CBC, coagulation studies, and type and Rh testing are obtained before laparoscopy. X‑rays of the chest, kidneys, ureters, and bladder are also obtained. Laparoscopy is performed with sterile technique in an operating room or a well-equipped endoscopy suite. The patient is given local anesthesia plus IV sedation and analgesia with an opioid and short-acting sedative (eg, midazolam or propofol ).

The procedure involves insertion of a pneumoperitoneum needle into the peritoneal cavity and infusion of nitrous oxide to distend the abdomen. After the opening is enlarged, a peritoneoscope is inserted into the abdomen and the abdominal contents are examined. Surgical instruments for biopsy and other procedures are inserted through separate openings. When the procedure is completed, the nitrous oxide is expelled by the patient with a Valsalva maneuver and the cannula is removed. Complications can include bleeding, bacterial peritonitis, and perforation of a viscus.

Keywords: Merck Manual, Diagnosis, Therapy, Medical Dictionary, Medical Encyclopedia, Merck, Condictions, Health

Status/Quote as: Copyright © 1995-2008 Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA. All rights reserved.

IBM Terminology

IBM Terminology

No. of terms: several thousands!

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This IBM resource,  or should we say computer dictionary, consolidates the terminology from many IBM products, but at its core it holds endless entries of base computer terminology, terms and definitions. It is to my best knowledge one of the most comprehensive and  best maintain reference source for everything  computer on the Web.

Example term: build

(1) The process during which a build program (clearmake, clearaudit, or omake) produces one or more derived objects. This may involve actual translation of source files and construction of binary files by compilers, linkers, text formatters, and so on.
(2) An operational version of a system or part of a system that demonstrates a subset of the capabilities to be provided in the final product.
(3) To create or modify resources, usually based on the state of other resources. A Java builder converts Java source files into executable class files, for example, and a Web link builder updates links to files whose name or location has changed.
(4) To convert a product from source code to a binary or executable software product.

Keywords: IBM, Computer, Computer Dictionary, IT, IT dictionary, Software, Hardware, Programming

Status: Copyrighted by IBM

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